Human Trafficking and Corporate Responsibility
Thursday, November 1, 2012
LUIS CdeBACA, Ambassador-at-Large, Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons, US Department of State
In May 2009, Ambassador Luis CdeBaca was appointed by President Obama to coordinate U.S. government activities in the global fight against contemporary forms of slavery. He serves as Senior Advisor to the Secretary and directs the State Department’s Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons, which assesses global trends, provides training and technical assistance, and advocates for an end to modern slavery.
Mr. CdeBaca formerly served as Counsel to the House Committee on the Judiciary, where his portfolio for Chairman John Conyers, Jr. included national security, intelligence, immigration, civil rights, and modern slavery issues.
At the Justice Department, Mr. CdeBaca was one of the country's most-decorated federal prosecutors, leading the investigation and prosecution of cases involving money laundering, organized crime, alien smuggling, official misconduct, hate crimes, and human trafficking. He was honored with the Attorney General's Distinguished Service Award for his service as lead trial counsel in the then largest slavery prosecution in U.S. history, which involved the enslavement of over 300 Vietnamese and Chinese workers in a garment factory in American Samoa. Additionally, he received the Department's highest litigation honor – the Attorney General's John Marshall Award – and the Director's Award from the Executive Office of United States Attorneys. He has received the leading honor given by the national trafficking victim service provider community, the Freedom Network’s Paul & Sheila Wellstone Award, and has been named the Michigan Law School's Distinguished Latino Alumnus. He has convicted dozens of abusive pimps and employers, and helped to liberate hundreds of victims from servitude.
Mr. CdeBaca’s family settled in New Mexico in the 1500s. He was raised on a cattle ranch in Huxley, Iowa, and attended Iowa State University. Mr. CdeBaca received his law degree from the Michigan Law School, where he was an editor of the Michigan Law Review.
Dr. Vanessa Bouché, Director, National Research Consortium on Commercial Sexual Exploitation
Dr. Bouché works as a government relations consultant. She was previously an instructor of political science at The Ohio State University and a Visiting Assistant Professor at the University of Cincinnati. Dr. Bouché formerly worked for the Central Intelligence Agency and for the Department of State in the U.S. Embassy in Guatemala, where she wrote portions of the Human Rights and the Trafficking in Persons Reports for Congress. She is a member of the Ohio Attorney General's Human Trafficking Commission, the Central Ohio Rescue and Restore Coalition, and End Slavery Cincinnati, of which she was a contributing author of the Greater Cincinnati Human Trafficking Report. She also serves as Director of Policy for the National Research Consortium on Commercial Sexual Exploitation. Dr. Bouché has several manuscripts under review related to human trafficking, and has a forthcoming review of Saddarth Kara’s book, Sex Trafficking: Inside the Business of Modern Day Slavery. She has presented her research at a number of human trafficking conferences, and has been invited to speak at and participate in various roundtables on the subject.
Janna Lipman, Co-Founder and Executive Director, Anka Rising
Janna Lipman is a manager with 10 years of experience in strategic communications and stakeholder management. Prior to co-founding Anka Rising, she provided management and communications consulting services to public and private sector clients, leveraging her expertise in strategy and conflict resolution to assist clients in analyzing their programs and achieving their goals. Her specialties include strategic communications and outreach; stakeholder management; facilitation, program analysis; and research, analysis and evaluation of human trafficking, transnational crime and corruption, and international policing. Ms. Lipman has traveled and worked extensively in the Middle East, Eastern Europe, Europe, Central and South America, and Asia. She is fluent in French and speaks basic Spanish. She received her Masters in Peace Operations Policy from George Mason University’s School of Public Policy in Arlington, Virginia; Graduate Certificates in Conflict Analysis and Resolution from George Mason University’s School for Conflict Analysis & Resolution; and her BBA in Hospitality and Tourism Management and BA in French from James Madison University in Harrisonburg, Virginia.
Dr. Shawn MacDonald, Director of Programs and Research, Verité
Dr. Shawn MacDonald is responsible for a variety of research, training, multi-stakeholder dialogue, and advocacy programs focused on issues like forced labor, freedom of association, compliance program design, trafficking, and standards-setting. He regularly leads workshops, trainings, and multi-stakeholder public meetings on labor and other CSR issues and consults for business leaders on CSR strategy and program design. Shawn has broad international and domestic experience in social entrepreneurship, corporate social responsibility, multi-sectoral partnerships, conflict analysis and resolution, labor and environmental standards, public health, and civil society promotion.
Before joining Verité, Shawn was Director of Accreditation at the Fair Labor Association, Vice President of Ashoka: Innovators for the Public, and co-founder of the Development and Employment Policy Project. Additionally, he worked for a variety of international NGOs in Asia, Africa, and Eastern Europe. He holds a Ph.D. from George Mason University’s Institute for Conflict Analysis and Resolution, an AB in History from Harvard University, and was certified as a mediator by the Supreme Court of Virginia.
Rev. David Schilling, Program Director Human Rights and Resources, Interfaith Center on Corporate Responsibility
Rev. David Schilling has worked at ICCR since 1994 and is Program Director of Human Rights.
A United Methodist minister and the son of missionaries teaching in Korea, he grew up in Wisconsin. He credits a year studying at The American University in Beirut with giving him a global perspective. When he returned to the U.S., he began to work against militarism, the Vietnam War, racial inequality and economic injustice. He met and listened to Martin Luther King and Malcolm X; he worked closely with Cesar Chavez building support within the religious community for the farm workers struggle for justice while serving as a minister in northern California. He co-directed the disarmament program of Riverside Church in New York City and was program coordinator of the Fellowship of Reconciliation-USA.
David's position with ICCR has continued this work. He has pushed for corporate accountability on issues of human and labor rights in the contract supplier system. He has participated with ICCR members in delegations to China, Central America, Indonesia, Mexico, Thailand, Turkey, Vietnam, visiting factories and meeting with workers.
He sees the corporate responsibility movement as key to fighting systemic injustice, and ultimately, "influencing the influencers" to do the right thing. "There is impatience with the way things are, while recognizing that patience is needed to bring about change," he said of his work.
He is a regional advisor to the Institute for Human Rights and Business, chaired by Mary Robinson, former UN High Commissioner for Human Rights. David was a member of the Independent Monitoring Working Group for six years which supported independent monitors at Gap supplier factories in El Salvador, Honduras and Guatemala; a member of President Clinton's Anti-Sweatshop Task Force and the Global Reporting Initiative's Working Group on the Apparel, Footwear Industry.
David has a bachelor's degree from Carroll College in Wisconsin in religion and sociology; a masters of divinity from Union Theological Seminary; a graduate of the International Fellows Program, Columbia University and an advanced professional studies certificate from Pacific School of Religion.
Dr. Louise Shelley - Director, Terrorism Transnational Crime and Corruption Center, George Mason University
Dr. Louise Shelley is a University Professor at George Mason University. She is in the School of Public Policy and directs the Terrorism, Transnational Crime and Corruption Center (TraCCC) that she founded. She is a leading expert on the relationship among terrorism, organized crime and corruption as well as human trafficking, transnational crime and terrorism with a particular focus on the former Soviet Union. She also specializes in illicit financial flows and money laundering.
Dr. Shelley received her undergraduate degree cum laude from Cornell University in Penology and Russian literature. She holds an M.A. in Criminology from the University of Pennsylvania. She studied at the Law Faculty of Moscow State University on IREX and Fulbright Fellowships and holds a Ph.D. in Sociology from the University of Pennsylvania. She held a Fulbright and researched and taught on crime issues in Mexico. She has also taught on transnational crime in Italy. She is the recipient of the Guggenheim, NEH, IREX, Kennan Institute, and Fulbright Fellowships and received a MacArthur Grant to establish the Russian Organized Crime Study Centers. In 1992, she received the Scholar-Teacher prize of American University, the top academic award of the university.
She is the author of Human Trafficking: A Global Perspective (Cambridge 2010), Policing Soviet Society (Routledge, 1996), Lawyers in Soviet Worklife and Crime and Modernization, as well as numerous articles and book chapters on all aspects of transnational crime and corruption. She is also an editor (with Sally Stoecker) of Human Traffic and Transnational Crime: Eurasian and American Perspectives. She serves on the boards of Demokratizatsiya: the Journal of Post-Soviet Democratization, and the European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research, Global Crime and The International Annals of Criminology. She was elected to the Board of Directors of the International Society of Criminology for the years 1999-2004
Since 1995, Dr. Shelley has run programs in Russia, Ukraine and Georgia with leading specialists on the problems of organized crime and corruption. She has also been the principal investigator of large-scale projects on money laundering from Russia, Ukraine and Georgia and of training of law enforcement persons on the issue of trafficking in persons. She has testified before the House Committee on International Relations Committee, the Helsinki Commission, the House Banking Committee and the Senate Foreign Relations Committee on transnational crime, human trafficking and the links between transnational crime, financial crime and terrorism. Professor Shelley served on the Global Agenda Council on Illicit Trade of the World Economic Forum and was the first co-chair of its Council on Organized Crime where she continues to serve. Professor Shelley is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations. She has spoken at various international fora and at many universities both in the United States and abroad on transnational crime and corruption. Additionally, she appears on television and radio, including appearances on CNN, NPR’s Marketplace, PBS, A&E, the History Channel and 60 Minutes.
Daniel Werner, Deputy Director, Southern Poverty Law Center
Dan Werner manages the SPLC's immigrant justice initiative, which combats workplace exploitation and other human rights abuses of immigrants. He is an expert on human trafficking law and the co-author of A Guide to Civil Litigation on Behalf of Victims of Human Trafficking. He has lectured and testified in the U.S., Europe, and Asia on issues affecting victims of human trafficking and other forms of severe labor exploitation. Previously, he co-founded the Workers’ Rights Law Center of New York with an Echoing Green fellowship after six years as a lawyer with Farmworker Legal Services of New York. Werner also has represented citrus workers in Florida under a NAPIL fellowship. He is a graduate of Grinnell College in Iowa and the State University of New York at Buffalo School of Law.
Chris Johnson, Associate Professor of Law and Director, Graduate Program in Corporate Law and Finance, Thomas Cooley Law School, retired General Motors North America Vice President and General Counsel
E. Christopher Johnson Jr. attributes his success to a strong Christian faith, instilled in him by his parents, together with the spirit of community service consistent with Jesus' words "to whom much was given, of him much will be required." He credits his two beautiful wives, Sheryl, whose life was claimed by breast cancer in 2000, and his current wife Rhonda, who now graces his heart, as the foundations of his life. In addition, his daughter Erin, an attorney in DC, and son, Chip an advertising media buyer in New York, have and continue to make him a very proud father.
Following his graduation from West Point in 1973, Johnson served as an Army officer in Alaska and New Jersey and was awarded the Army Commendation Medal for meritorious service. After his honorable discharge from the Army in 1978, he attended New York Law School from which he graduated with Honors in 1981.
His legal career started as an associate at a Wall Street law firm. In 1985, he left the practice of law to become a headhunter. It was with his last client, General Motors, that he made his last placement—himself—as an attorney in 1988. Accepting the role as GM’s attorney handling computer law matters, he rose through the ranks as that fledgling practice flourished, to Practice Area Manager, Assistant General Counsel and ultimately, Vice President and General Counsel of GM North America, a position he held for the last seven years in a twenty year GM Career.
While at GM, Johnson championed a number of initiatives in the access to justice, access to law school and diversity arenas. His commitment in those areas led him to Thomas Cooley Law School, which shares this commitment, and where he currently is a law professor and director/founder of the LL.M. program in Corporate Law and Finance. He is actively involved in Cooley’s high school and college pipeline programs, and its mission of access to law school. He also is the chair of City Mission, a Detroit elementary school and K-12 tutoring/mentoring program.
His service over the years mirrors these passions and has included service as a co-chair of the Detroit Metropolitan Bar Association Foundation, trustee of the Michigan Bar Foundation, co-chair of the Legacy Justice Campaign for Detroit Legal Aid and Defender, chair of the ABA Council for Racial and Ethnic Diversity in the Educational Pipeline, member, Council of Legal Education Opportunity, chair of the ABA Africa, and co-chair, West Point Leadership and Ethics Conference.
He is the recipient of many awards for this service including the ABA Spirit of Excellence Corporate Award, the National Bar Association Clyde Bailey Award for Corporate Leadership, the State Bar of Michigan Michael Franck and Champion of Justice Awards, and the Straker Bar Trailblazer Award. He was also inducted into the National Black Law Students Association Hall of Fame.
He is active in the community, serving as an elder at NorthRidge Church in Plymouth, Michigan, chair of the Michigan United Negro College Fund Leadership and a member of the Board of the Great Lakes Division of the American Cancer Society.
Following a mission trip to Mumbai, India last year, where Johnson was exposed to the ravages and enormity of human slavery and trafficking, he felt called to join the human trafficking movement. He currently serves as co-chair of the Community Committee of the State of Michigan Human Trafficking Task Force and works with a number of governmental and non-governmental entities on this crisis.
Brigadier General Michael McDaniel, Associate Professor of Law, Thomas Cooley Law School, former Deputy Assistant Secretary for Homeland Defense Strategy, Prevention and Mission Assurance, U.S. Department of Homeland Security
Brigadier General Michael C.H. McDaniel joined the Cooley Law School full-time faculty as a professor in the Constitutional Law Department in 2010. He will be responsible for developing an LL.M. program in Homeland Security Law.
McDaniel most recently served as the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Homeland Defense Strategy, Prevention and Mission Assurance. His responsibilities included supervision of the Department of Defense Critical Infrastructure Protection Program and Global Anti-Terrorism/Force Protection Policy.
McDaniel was appointed by Michigan Gov. Jennifer Granholm as her Homeland Security Advisor in 2003 and served in that capacity until July 2009. At the same time, he also served as the Assistant Adjutant General for Homeland Security, Michigan National Guard.
He served as the liaison between the governor's office in Michigan and all federal, state and local agencies on homeland security with responsibility for developing statewide policy on homeland security preparedness. His duties included coordinating efforts to protect the state and its critical infrastructure from terrorist attacks.
McDaniel served as a member of the National Governors Association’s Homeland Security Advisors Council where he was elected to the Executive Committee in 2006 and 2008. He was named by the Office of Infrastructure Protection, Department of Homeland Security, as Chair of the State, Local, Tribal, and Territorial Government Coordinating council in 2007.
McDaniel was promoted to Brigadier General in 2007 and has been a member of the Michigan National Guard for over 26 years, previously serving as a military judge. He was formerly the Assistant Attorney General for Litigation in the executive division of the Michigan Department of Attorney General.
He received the Zimbardo Award, given to the Center for Homeland Defense and Security graduate who best embodies high academic achievement, outstanding leadership, and innovation in homeland security thinking.